Piriformis Syndrome Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 21, 2018
  • Author: Shishir Shah, DO; Chief Editor: Sherwin SW Ho, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is piriformis syndrome?

What is the prevalence of piriformis syndrome?

What is the anatomy of the pelvis relevant to piriformis syndrome?

What is the pathophysiology of piriformis syndrome?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of piriformis syndrome?

Which physical findings are characteristic of piriformis syndrome?

What are the cardinal features of piriformis syndrome?

How is the pain of piriformis syndrome reproduced during the physical exam?

What causes piriformis syndrome?

DDX

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of piriformis syndrome?

What are the differential diagnoses for Piriformis Syndrome?

Workup

What is the role of CT scanning in the workup of piriformis syndrome?

What is the role of MRI in the workup of piriformis syndrome?

What is the role of EMG in the workup of piriformis syndrome?

What is the role of injections in the workup and treatment of piriformis syndrome?

Treatment

What is the role of physical therapy (PT) in the treatment of acute piriformis syndrome?

What is the role of occupational therapy (OT) in the treatment of acute piriformis syndrome?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of acute piriformis syndrome?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with piriformis syndrome?

How is pain managed in acute piriformis syndrome?

What is the role of physical therapy (PT) during the recovery phase of piriformis syndrome rehabilitation?

What is the role of physical therapy (PT) during the maintenance phase of piriformis syndrome rehabilitation?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of piriformis syndrome?

Which medications in the drug class Anesthetics are used in the treatment of Piriformis Syndrome?

Follow-up

When is return to play advisable following treatment of piriformis syndrome?

How is recurrence of piriformis syndrome prevented?

What is the prognosis of piriformis syndrome?

What is included in patient education about piriformis syndrome?