Congenital Facial Paralysis Questions & Answers

Updated: Jan 07, 2019
  • Author: Alan D Bruns, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is congenital facial paralysis?

What is the prevalence of congenital facial paralysis?

What causes congenital facial paralysis?

What is the role of Möbius syndrome in the etiology of congenital facial paralysis?

What is the role of hemifacial microsomia in the etiology of congenital facial paralysis?

What is the role of 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22qDS) in the etiology of congenital facial paralysis?

What is the role of Albers-Schönberg disease in the etiology of congenital facial paralysis?

What is the role of CHARGE syndrome in the etiology of congenital facial paralysis?

What is the role of facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy in the etiology of congenital facial paralysis?

What is the role of congenital unilateral lower lip paralysis (CULLP) in the etiology of congenital facial paralysis?

Which teratogenic medications are associated with congenital facial paralysis?

What is the focus of clinical history in the evaluation of congenital facial paralysis?

What is included in the physical exam to evaluate congenital facial paralysis?

How is congenital facial paralysis staged?

When is surgery indicated in the treatment of congenital facial paralysis?

What is the embryogenesis of congenital facial paralysis?

What is the anatomy of the facial nerves relevant to congenital facial paralysis?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of congenital facial paralysis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of congenital facial paralysis?

What is the role of electroneuronography (EnoG) in the workup of congenital facial paralysis?

What is the role of a nerve excitability test (NET) in the workup of congenital facial paralysis?

What is the role of a maximal stimulation test (MST) in the workup of congenital facial paralysis?

What is the role of EMG in the workup of congenital facial paralysis?

What is the role of topodiagnostic studies in the workup of congenital facial paralysis?

Treatment

How is congenital facial paralysis treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of congenital facial paralysis?

When is decompression surgery indicated in the treatment of congenital facial paralysis?

What is the role of neurorrhaphy in the treatment of congenital facial paralysis?

What is the role of cable grafts in the treatment of congenital facial paralysis?

What is the role of cross-face grafts in the treatment of congenital facial paralysis?

What is the role of nerve transposition in the treatment of congenital facial paralysis?

What is the role of muscle transfer in the treatment of congenital facial paralysis?

What is the role of a static sling in the treatment of congenital facial paralysis?

What is the role of eye protection in the treatment of congenital facial paralysis?

How is congenital unilateral lower lip palsy (CULLP) treated?

What is included in postoperative following congenital facial paralysis reanimation surgery?

What is included in the follow-up care of congenital facial paralysis?

What are the possible complications of congenital facial paralysis treatment?

What is the prognosis of congenital facial paralysis?

What is the optimal timing of reanimation of congenital facial paralysis?

How is facial function assessed in congenital facial paralysis?