Pediatric Allergic Rhinitis Questions & Answers

Updated: Jul 17, 2018
  • Author: Jack M Becker, MD; Chief Editor: Harumi Jyonouchi, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

How is pediatric allergic rhinitis characterized?

What are the history findings of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What are the signs and symptoms of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What is involved in the diagnosis of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

Which studies are indicated in the workup of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

When are imaging studies indicated in pediatric allergic rhinitis?

Which procedures are indicated in the workup of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What are the categories of pediatric allergic rhinitis treatment?

Which medications are used in the treatment of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

Which management options for pediatric allergic rhinitis do not involve medications?

Which surgical interventions may be indicated in the treatment of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

How does pediatric allergic rhinitis affect daily life?

What causes pediatric allergic rhinitis?

How do nasal allergies affect pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What is the pathophysiology of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What is the role of allergic reactions in the pathophysiology of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

How common is pediatric allergic rhinitis in the US?

How common is pediatric allergic rhinitis in Europe and Asia?

What mortality and morbidity are associated with pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What are the race and sex predilections of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What are the age-related demographics of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What is the prognosis of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What is involved in patient education for pediatric allergic rhinitis?

Presentation

What social and environmental history is associated with pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What is the clinical history of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What information should be collected in the clinical history of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

How are nonallergic symptoms distinguished from pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What information should be obtained about the nature of symptoms in pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What information should be obtained about the timing of symptoms in pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What information should be obtained about the duration of symptoms in pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What family history is associated with pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What related medical history is associated with pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What is involved in the physical exam for pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What physical findings of pediatric allergic rhinitis are noted on the head?

What physical findings of pediatric allergic rhinitis are noted about the eyes?

What physical findings of pediatric allergic rhinitis are noted in the ears?

What physical findings of pediatric allergic rhinitis are noted in the nose?

What physical findings of pediatric allergic rhinitis are noted in the throat?

What causes perennial symptoms of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What causes seasonal symptoms of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What are the potential complications of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

DDX

What are the diagnostic considerations in pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What are the differential diagnoses for Pediatric Allergic Rhinitis?

Workup

Which lab studies are indicated in the workup of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

Which imaging studies are indicated in the workup of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What other tests are indicated in the workup of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What is the role of rhinoscopy in the workup of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What is the role of skin testing in the workup of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

Treatment

What are the approach considerations regarding the treatment of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What are the categories of treatment for pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What is the role of environmental controls in the treatment of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What is the role of eliminating dust mite allergens in the treatment of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

How can pollen be avoided by patients with pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What is the most difficult trigger of pediatric allergic rhinitis to avoid?

When is surgical indicated in the treatment of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

Which specialist consultations are indicated in the treatment of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What dietary restrictions are indicated in the treatment of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What activity restrictions are indicated in the treatment of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What is the most effective approach to avoiding symptoms in pediatric allergic rhinitis?

Guidelines

What are the recommendations for the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) in adolescents and adults?

What are the treatment guidelines for pediatric allergic rhinitis?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR)?

What are the advantages of allergen-specific immunotherapy for the treatment of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

What are the advantages of sublingual (SL) immunotherapy in the treatment of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

Which sublingual (SL) tablets have been approved for use in the treatment of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

How effective is saline nasal irrigation in the treatment of pediatric allergic rhinitis?

Which medications in the drug class Mast Cell Stabilizers, Intranasal are used in the treatment of Pediatric Allergic Rhinitis?

Which medications in the drug class Allergen Immunotherapy are used in the treatment of Pediatric Allergic Rhinitis?

Which medications in the drug class Leukotriene Receptor Antagonists are used in the treatment of Pediatric Allergic Rhinitis?

Which medications in the drug class Intranasal decongestants are used in the treatment of Pediatric Allergic Rhinitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antihistamine/Corticosteroid, Intranasal are used in the treatment of Pediatric Allergic Rhinitis?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids, Intranasal are used in the treatment of Pediatric Allergic Rhinitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antihistamines, Intranasal are used in the treatment of Pediatric Allergic Rhinitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antihistamines, 2nd Generation are used in the treatment of Pediatric Allergic Rhinitis?