Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) Questions & Answers

Updated: Nov 20, 2018
  • Author: Luke K Kim, MD; Chief Editor: Stuart Berger, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

When is patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) typically diagnosed?

What is the significance of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in the history of medicine?

What are the anatomical structures associated with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is the pathogenesis of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is the functional and anatomic closure process of the ductus arteriosus?

How is patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) defined?

What is the progression of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) if left untreated?

What causes patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants?

How do volume-pressure relationships affect patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is the role of genetics in the etiology of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

Which chromosomal abnormalities are associated with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is the role of prematurity in the etiology of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What causes patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is the prevalence of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is the prognosis of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

Which factors affect the prognosis of ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What are the mortality rates for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

Presentation

Which history is characteristic of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What are the symptoms of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is the presentation of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

Which cardiac findings suggest patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

DDX

Which conditions should be considered in the differential diagnoses of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What are the differential diagnoses for Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)?

Workup

How is patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) diagnosed?

What is the role of a CBC count and metabolic panel in the workup of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is the role of pulse oximetry and arterial blood gas (ABG) in the workup of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is the role of Doppler echocardiography in the diagnosis of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is the role of chest radiography in the diagnosis of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is the role of electrocardiography in the diagnosis of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is the role of cardiac catheterization and angiography in the diagnosis of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

Treatment

What are the treatment options for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is included in emergency department (ED) care for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

When is transfer of a patient with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) indicated?

Which specialist consultations are needed for the management of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What are the conservative management options for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What are the pharmacologic treatment options for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is the role of indomethacin (Indocin) in the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is the role of ibuprofen in the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is the efficacy of indomethacin and ibuprofen in the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is the role of diuretics in the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is the role of cardiac catheterization in the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is the role of Gianturco spring occluding coils in the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is the role of Amplatzer duct occluder in the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is the role of Rashkind ductus occlusion device in the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What are the postcatheterization risks for patients with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is the role of surgical ligation in the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What are the indications for surgical ligations to treat patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What are the contraindications for surgical ligation to treat patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

Which treatment is most effective for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What are the complications of surgical ligation for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is included in posttreatment management of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What are the complications of untreated patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

What is included in long-term monitoring of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

Medications

Which medications are used to treat patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)?

Which medications in the drug class Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Agents (NSAIDs) are used in the treatment of Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)?

Which medications in the drug class Prostaglandins are used in the treatment of Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)?