Knee Osteochondritis Dissecans Medication

Updated: Apr 28, 2017
  • Author: Brian A Jacobs, MD, FACSM; Chief Editor: Craig C Young, MD  more...
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Medication

Medication Summary

Treat with pain medication and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) of choice, as indicated, to control pain, inflammation, and swelling.

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Analgesics

Class Summary

Pain control is essential to quality patient care. Analgesics ensure patient comfort and have sedating properties, which are beneficial for patients who experience pain.

Acetaminophen and Codeine (Tylenol #3)

Indicated for the treatment of mild to moderate pain. Use for postoperative pain control.

Hydrocodone and acetaminophen (Vicodin, Lorcet-HD, Norcet)

Drug combination indicated for moderate to severe pain.

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Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)

Class Summary

Have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic activities. Their mechanism of action is not known, but they may inhibit cyclooxygenase activity and prostaglandin synthesis. Other mechanisms also may exist, such as inhibition of leukotriene synthesis, lysosomal enzyme release, lipoxygenase activity, neutrophil aggregation, and various cell membrane functions.

Ibuprofen (Motrin, Ibuprin)

DOC for patients with mild to moderate pain. Inhibits inflammatory reactions and pain by decreasing prostaglandin synthesis.

Naproxen (Naprosyn, Anaprox, Naprelan, Aleve)

For relief of mild to moderate pain. Inhibits inflammatory reactions and pain by decreasing activity of cyclooxygenase, which results in a decrease of prostaglandin synthesis.

Ketoprofen (Oruvail, Actron, Orudis)

For relief of mild to moderate pain. Inhibits inflammatory reactions and pain by decreasing activity of cyclooxygenase, which results in a decrease of prostaglandin synthesis.

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