Pediatric Infective Pericarditis Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Apr 03, 2018
  • Author: Poothirikovil Venugopalan, MBBS, MD, FRCPCH; Chief Editor: Stuart Berger, MD  more...
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Diagnostic Considerations

Indications for pericardial drainage include hemodynamic instability or diagnostic uncertainty for the etiology of the pericardial effusion. Early identification of bacterial effusion is important because it requires antibiotic therapy and pericardial drainage. Any underlying collagen-vascular disease must be recognized.

Diseases associated with pericardial effusion and tamponade include the following:

See Infective Endocarditis for more detailed information on this topic.

Differential Diagnoses