Pediatric Cardiac Tumors Follow-up

Updated: Jan 04, 2016
  • Author: Edwin Rodriguez-Cruz, MD; Chief Editor: Syamasundar Rao Patnana, MD  more...
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Further Outpatient Care

Provide close follow-up care to diagnose recurrence of malignant tumors after resection.

Monitor ventricular function, as well as monitor medication doses and effects.


Further Inpatient Care

Discharge patients with cardiac tumors when they are stable.


Inpatient & Outpatient Medications

Medications, when indicated, include digitalis, afterload reduction agents, diuretics, antiarrhythmics, and anticoagulants.



Complications include arrhythmia, congestive heart failure (CHF), thromboembolism, decrease in ventricular function, and seeding during surgical removal (metastasis).

For complications related to specific types of cardiac tumors, see Background.



Studies provide a wide spectrum of morbidity and mortality statistics.

Survival rates depend on the type of tumor, such as the following:

  • Benign tumors have a good prognosis unless they are associated with severe obstruction or intractable arrhythmias, which have a slightly higher risk of mortality.

  • For primary cardiac malignant tumors, the prognosis is invariably poor.

  • Metastatic neoplasms to the heart are more common than primary cardiac neoplasms; the prognosis is dependent on the histologic type of tumor, and survival rates are based on original pathology.

  • Certain tumors are known to recur even after resection.

  • Most children with cardiac tumors have an excellent prognosis and do not need any intervention.