Dehydration Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 07, 2018
  • Author: Lennox H Huang, MD, FAAP; Chief Editor: Timothy E Corden, MD  more...
  • Print
Questions & Answers

Overview

What is dehydration?

What is the pathophysiology of dehydration?

Which patient groups are at higher risk for dehydration?

How is dehydration categorized?

What are neurologic complications of dehydration?

Why must the cause of dehydration be determined?

What are common causes of dehydration?

What are life threatening causes of dehydration?

What is the prevalence of dehydration in the US?

What is the global prevalence of dehydration?

What is the prognosis of dehydration?

What is the morbidity associated with dehydration?

Presentation

What should be the focus of clinical history during the evaluation of dehydration?

Which physical findings are characteristic of dehydration?

DDX

Which comorbidities must be diagnosed and treated in a patient with dehydration?

What are the differential diagnoses for Dehydration?

Workup

When are lab tests performed in the workup of dehydration?

What is the role of lab testing in the workup of severe dehydration?

How is an IV line inserted for the management of dehydration?

What is the role of intraosseous cannulation in the management of dehydration?

What is the role of orogastric or nasogastric tube placement in the management of dehydration?

Treatment

What are treatment options for dehydration?

How are oral rehydration solutions used in the treatment of dehydration?

How is oral rehydration therapy (ORT) administered for the treatment of dehydration?

What is the medical treatment for severe dehydration?

How are fluid requirements calculated for the treatment of severe dehydration?

How is hyponatremic dehydration treated?

How is hypernatremic dehydration treated?

What is included in the pharmacologic management of dehydration?

Which dietary modifications are required for the treatment of dehydration?

How is dehydration prevented?

Medications

Which medications in the drug class Antiemetic, Serotonin Antagonist are used in the treatment of Dehydration?