Pediatric Hyperkalemia Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 30, 2019
  • Author: Michael J Verive, MD, FAAP; Chief Editor: Timothy E Corden, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is hyperkalemia?

What is the pathophysiology of hyperkalemia?

What is the prevalence of pediatric hyperkalemia?

What determines the prognosis of hyperkalemia?

What is the morbidity and mortality associated with hyperkalemia?

What are the possible complications of hyperkalemia?

Presentation

What is the focus of clinical history for the evaluation of pediatric hyperkalemia?

Which physical findings are characteristic of pediatric hyperkalemia?

What causes pediatric hyperkalemia?

DDX

When should pediatric hyperkalemia be suspected?

What are the signs and symptoms of congenital adrenal hyperplasia-caused pediatric hyperkalemia?

Which findings on ECG are characteristic of pediatric hyperkalemia?

Which patients are at high risk for developing hyperkalemia aggravated by succinylcholine?

What are the differential diagnoses for Pediatric Hyperkalemia?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of pediatric hyperkalemia?

What is the role of ECG in the workup of pediatric hyperkalemia?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of pediatric hyperkalemia?

Treatment

How is pediatric hyperkalemia treated?

How is the myocardial cell membrane stabilized during the treatment of pediatric hyperkalemia?

How is the cellular uptake of potassium enhanced during the treatment of pediatric hyperkalemia?

How is total body potassium elimination enhanced during the treatment of pediatric hyperkalemia?

What is included in the clinical management of pediatric hyperkalemia?

When is patient transfer indicated for the treatment of pediatric hyperkalemia?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of pediatric hyperkalemia?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with pediatric hyperkalemia?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of pediatric hyperkalemia?

Which medications in the drug class Exchange resins are used in the treatment of Pediatric Hyperkalemia?

Which medications in the drug class Alkalinizing agents are used in the treatment of Pediatric Hyperkalemia?

Which medications in the drug class Intracellular transporters are used in the treatment of Pediatric Hyperkalemia?

Which medications in the drug class Myocardium stabilizers are used in the treatment of Pediatric Hyperkalemia?