Pediatric Hypernatremia Follow-up

Updated: Feb 13, 2014
  • Author: Ewa Elenberg, MD, MEd; Chief Editor: Timothy E Corden, MD  more...
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Follow-up

Further Outpatient Care

Treat the underlying disease.

Restrict sodium and protein intake.

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Patient Education

Parents and caregivers should avoid making oral rehydration solutions at home or adding salt to any commercial infant formula.

Parents, especially breastfeeding mothers, should watch for neonatal dehydration and perinatal care.

The breastfed infant should be routinely monitored during the first weeks of life. [5]

In patients with diabetes insipidus, the following is indicated:

  • Monitor weight and urine output because clinically significant changes in sodium values are associated with changes in weight.

  • Restrict sodium and protein intake.

  • The patient should drink liberal amounts of water.

  • The patient and parents should ensure thirst develops before taking or giving medications.

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Deterrence/Prevention

Parents and caregivers should avoid making oral rehydration solutions at home or adding salt to any commercial infant formula.

Treat the underlying cause.

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