Pediatric Hypokalemia Follow-up

Updated: Nov 11, 2015
  • Author: Michael J Verive, MD, FAAP; Chief Editor: Timothy E Corden, MD  more...
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Further Outpatient Care

If the condition is expected to persist beyond inpatient care, patients should receive follow-up medical care for home treatment. Additional medical follow-up must be obtained for associated medical conditions.


Inpatient & Outpatient Medications

Other than potassium supplementation as described above, no additional medications are required.

If current medications are responsible for hypokalemia, substitution of potassium-sparing alternatives may help reduce degree of hypokalemia and may help minimize requirements for potassium supplementation.



Because many medications (particularly loop diuretics, mineralocorticoids, catecholamines, methylxanthines, alkalinizing agents) may be responsible for hypokalemia, eliminating or reducing the doses of these medications may be helpful in preventing or minimizing hypokalemia.


Patient Education

Patients should be educated in terms of predisposing conditions. The importance and risks involved with potassium supplementation and the warning signs of hypokalemia or overtreatment must be emphasized upon discharge from the hospital.

Knowledge of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and education on timely access to emergency medical services may prevent morbidity or mortality.

Ongoing communication is essential for reducing the risks and in therapy, especially in patients with chronic conditions associated with hypokalemia.

For patient education resources, see the Thyroid and Metabolism Center, as well as Low Potassium.