Pediatric Respiratory Failure Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Sep 30, 2016
  • Author: Shelley C Springer, JD, MD, MSc, MBA, FAAP; Chief Editor: Timothy E Corden, MD  more...
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Diagnostic Considerations

Problems to be considered in the differential diagnosis of pediatric respiratory failure include the following:

  • Guillain-Barré syndrome
  • Ludwig angina
  • Neuromuscular disorders (eg, Duchenne muscular dystrophy or spinal muscular atrophy [SMA] type 1)
  • Pulmonary embolus
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Tracheal foreign bodies
  • Transverse myelitis, cervical or high thoracic
  • Vascular slings

Differential Diagnoses