Pediatric Respiratory Failure Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Sep 30, 2016
  • Author: Shelley C Springer, JD, MD, MSc, MBA, FAAP; Chief Editor: Timothy E Corden, MD  more...
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Diagnostic Considerations

Problems to be considered in the differential diagnosis of pediatric respiratory failure include the following:

  • Guillain-Barré syndrome

  • Ludwig angina

  • Neuromuscular disorders (eg, Duchenne muscular dystrophy or spinal muscular atrophy [SMA] type 1)

  • Pulmonary embolus

  • Spinal cord injury

  • Tracheal foreign bodies

  • Transverse myelitis, cervical or high thoracic

  • Vascular slings

Differential Diagnoses