Pediatric Aphthous Ulcers Questions & Answers

Updated: Feb 25, 2019
  • Author: Michael C Plewa, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are pediatric aphthous ulcers?

What are the types of recurrent aphthous ulcers?

What is the pathophysiology of aphthous ulcers?

What is the prevalence of aphthous ulcers in the US?

What is the global prevalence of aphthous ulcers?

What is the morbidity associated with aphthous ulcers?

What are the racial predilections of aphthous ulcers?

What are the sexual predilections of aphthous ulcers?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of aphthous ulcers?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of pediatric aphthous ulcers?

What is the focus of the clinical history to evaluate pediatric aphthous ulcers?

Which physical findings are characteristic of pediatric aphthous ulcers?

What causes pediatric aphthous ulcers?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Pediatric Aphthous Ulcers?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of pediatric aphthous ulcers?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of pediatric aphthous ulcers?

What is the role of biopsy in the workup of pediatric aphthous ulcers?

Treatment

How are pediatric aphthous ulcers treated?

What is the role of corticosteroids in the treatment of pediatric aphthous ulcers?

What is the role of amlexanox in the treatment of pediatric aphthous ulcers?

What is the role of metalloproteinase inhibitors in the treatment of pediatric aphthous ulcers?

How are the symptoms of pediatric aphthous ulcers treated?

What is the role of immunomodulators in the treatment of pediatric aphthous ulcers?

What is the role of laser therapy in the treatment of pediatric aphthous ulcers?

What is the role of silver nitrate in the treatment of pediatric aphthous ulcers?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of pediatric aphthous ulcers?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with pediatric aphthous ulcers?

What is the role of dietary modifications in the treatment of pediatric aphthous ulcers?

What is the role of a mouthguard in the treatment of pediatric aphthous ulcers?

Medications

Which types of medications are used in the treatment of pediatric aphthous ulcers treatment?

Which medications in the drug class Oral Rinses are used in the treatment of Pediatric Aphthous Ulcers?

Which medications in the drug class Controversial therapies are used in the treatment of Pediatric Aphthous Ulcers?

Which medications in the drug class Systemic corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Pediatric Aphthous Ulcers?

Which medications in the drug class Miscellaneous throat and mouth products are used in the treatment of Pediatric Aphthous Ulcers?

Which medications in the drug class Topical corticosteroid elixirs are used in the treatment of Pediatric Aphthous Ulcers?

Which medications in the drug class Local corticosteroid injections are used in the treatment of Pediatric Aphthous Ulcers?

Which medications in the drug class Topical corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Pediatric Aphthous Ulcers?

Which medications in the drug class Antihistamines are used in the treatment of Pediatric Aphthous Ulcers?

Which medications in the drug class Topical anesthetics are used in the treatment of Pediatric Aphthous Ulcers?

Follow-up

How are aphthous ulcers prevented?

What are the possible complications of pediatric aphthous ulcers?

What is the prognosis of aphthous ulcers in pediatric patients?

What is included in patient education about aphthous ulcers?