Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis Questions & Answers

Updated: Mar 13, 2019
  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
  • Print
Questions & Answers

Overview

What is pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What is the pathophysiology of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What causes pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What is the role of genetics in the etiology of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What are the prenatal risk factors for pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What is the role of prolonged obesity in the etiology of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What is the role of environmental allergens in the etiology of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What is the role of contact irritants in the etiology of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What is the role of aeroallergens in the etiology of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What is the role of microbial agents in the etiology of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What do specific IgE levels indicate in the etiology of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What is the role of food allergies in the etiology of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What is the role of stress in the etiology of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What is involved in the development of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

How common is pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD) in the US?

What is the international prevalence of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What are the race and sex predilections of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What are the age-related demographics of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What is the prognosis of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What patient education resources are available on pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

Presentation

What are the diagnostic criteria for pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What is the clinical history of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What types of skin lesions are found in pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What are typical locations of lesions by age in pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What are the associated findings in the physical exam for pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What are the physical findings of keratosis pilaris in pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What are the physical findings of hyperlinear palms in pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What are the physical findings of lichenification in pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What are the physical findings of atopic pleats in pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What are the physical findings of allergic shiners in pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What does a prominent transverse nasal crease indicate in the physical exam for pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What are the physical findings of dermographism in pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What are the physical findings of atopic cataracts in pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What are the physical findings of keratoconus in pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What scoring system is used in pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis?

Workup

Which lab studies are indicated in the workup of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What other tests are indicated in the workup of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

Which histologic findings are associated with pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

Treatment

What is the first step in combating pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What are the recommendations for rehydration in the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

How are emollients used in the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

Which emollients are recommended for the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

Which urea-containing emollients are used in the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

How are repeated cutaneous infections in pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD) treated?

What are the benefits of wet dressings in the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

Which wet dressings are used for the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

When is psychological counseling indicated for patients with pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

Which prescription treatments are FDA-approved for the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What are the benefits of ultraviolet light for the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

When is allergen immunotherapy indicated in the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

Which specialist consultations are indicated in the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What are the dietary recommendations for the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What are the activity recommendations for the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What is the most common complication of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

Which organisms are most frequently cultured from skin lesions in pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What are the benefits of topical antibiotic therapy for pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What other skin conditions are associated with pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD) develop?

What is the relationship between pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD) and lymphoma?

What sleep disturbances are associated with pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What are the indicators of successful treatment for pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What measures can reduce the incidence of irritant-induced pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

How is pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD) prevented?

What long-term monitoring is indicated in pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

Medications

What is the mainstay of treatment in pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

How effective is crisaborole in the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

How effective are lotions in the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

How effective are creams in the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

How effective are gels in the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

How effective are ointments in the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What is the role of systemic corticosteroids in the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

How effective are oral antihistamines in the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

How effective are coal tar preparations in the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

How effective are topical calcineurin inhibitors in the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What are the safety profiles of topical calcineurin inhibitors for the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What are the guidelines for prescribing topical immunomodulators for the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What are the roles of dupilumab and oral cyclosporine in the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

What novel treatments for pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD) have been investigated?

How effective are probiotics for the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

How effective are monoclonal antibodies for the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

How effective are oral selective inhibitors of Janus kinase (JAK) for the treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis (AD)?

Which medications in the drug class Topical Phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE-4) Inhibitors are used in the treatment of Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis?

Which medications in the drug class Immunomodulators are used in the treatment of Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antipruritics are used in the treatment of Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antimicrobials are used in the treatment of Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis?

Which medications in the drug class Systemic corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis?

Which medications in the drug class Topical corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis?

Which medications in the drug class Targeted Biologic Therapies (Interleukin Inhibitors) are used in the treatment of Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis?