Pediatric Contact Dermatitis Questions & Answers

Updated: Jan 08, 2019
  • Author: Nanette B Silverberg, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
  • Print
Questions & Answers

Overview

What are the types of pediatric contact dermatitis?

What is pediatric contact dermatitis?

What is the pathophysiology of pediatric irritant contact dermatitis?

What is the pathophysiology of pediatric allergic contact dermatitis?

What is the pathophysiology of pediatric photo contact dermatitis?

What is the pathophysiology of pediatric contact urticaria?

What is the role of pharmacologic reactions in the pathophysiology of pediatric contact dermatitis?

What causes pediatric contact dermatitis?

What causes pediatric irritant contact dermatitis?

What causes pediatric allergic contact dermatitis?

What are most common allergens causing contact dermatitis?

What is the role of plants in the etiology of pediatric allergic contact dermatitis?

How is atopic dermatitis complicated by contact dermatitis?

What causes pediatric photo contact dermatitis?

What causes pediatric contact urticaria?

What causes nonimmunologic pediatric contact urticaria?

Which environmentally associated urticaria must be distinguished from pediatric contact urticaria?

What is the prevalence of pediatric contact dermatitis in the US?

What is the global prevalence of pediatric contact dermatitis?

Which patient groups have the highest prevalence of pediatric contact dermatitis?

What is the prognosis of pediatric contact dermatitis?

What is included in patient education about pediatric contact dermatitis?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of perioral contact dermatitis in children?

What is the focus of clinical history in the evaluation of pediatric contact dermatitis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of photo contact dermatitis in children?

Which physical findings are characteristic of pediatric contact urticaria?

Which physical findings are characteristic of pediatric contact dermatitis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of pediatric irritant contact dermatitis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of pediatric allergic contact dermatitis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of pediatric photo contact dermatitis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of pediatric contact dermatitis due to pharmacologically active agents?

What are the possible complications of pediatric contact dermatitis?

DDX

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of pediatric contact dermatitis?

What are the differential diagnoses for Pediatric Contact Dermatitis?

Workup

How is pediatric contact dermatitis diagnosed?

What is the role of patch testing in the workup of pediatric contact dermatitis?

What is the role of a dimethylgloxime (DMG) spot test in the workup of pediatric contact dermatitis?

What is the role of biopsy in the workup of pediatric contact dermatitis?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of pediatric contact dermatitis?

Treatment

How is pediatric contact dermatitis treated?

What is included in the ED care of pediatric contact dermatitis?

What is the role of irritant removal in the treatment of pediatric contact dermatitis?

What is the role of topical nonsteroidal therapy in the treatment of pediatric contact dermatitis?

What is the role of topical steroids in the treatment of pediatric contact dermatitis?

What is the role of systemic steroids in the treatment of pediatric contact dermatitis?

What is the role of antihistamines in the treatment of pediatric contact dermatitis?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of pediatric contact dermatitis?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with pediatric contact dermatitis?

How is pediatric contact dermatitis prevented?

What is the role of barrier creams in the prevention of pediatric contact dermatitis?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of pediatric contact dermatitis?

Which medications in the drug class Systemic corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Pediatric Contact Dermatitis?

Which medications in the drug class Superpotent topical corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Pediatric Contact Dermatitis?

Which medications in the drug class Topical corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Pediatric Contact Dermatitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antihistamines are used in the treatment of Pediatric Contact Dermatitis?

Which medications in the drug class Wet compresses with an astringent are used in the treatment of Pediatric Contact Dermatitis?