Anorexia Nervosa Questions & Answers

Updated: Feb 07, 2020
  • Author: Bettina E Bernstein, DO; Chief Editor: Caroly Pataki, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

How is anorexia nervosa characterized?

Which changes in vital signs suggest anorexia nervosa?

What are the signs of induced starvation in anorexia nervosa?

How is anorexia nervosa diagnosed?

What are the risks of delayed anorexia nervosa diagnosis?

Which lab findings suggest anorexia nervosa?

What is the role of refeeding in the treatment of anorexia nervosa?

Which psychological therapies are used in the treatment of anorexia nervosa?

What is the role of medications in the treatment of anorexia nervosa?

What is anorexia nervosa?

What are the types of anorexia nervosa?

What is the link between anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa?

What are common traits of patients with anorexia nervosa?

What are the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa?

What is the pathophysiology of anorexia nervosa?

How does anorexia nervosa affect the cardiovascular system?

What are the endocrinologic and metabolic effects of anorexia nervosa?

How does anorexia nervosa affect the GI system?

What are the neurologic effects of anorexia nervosa?

What are the dermatologic effects of anorexia nervosa?

How does anorexia nervosa affect the renal system?

What causes anorexia nervosa?

Which factors increase the risk of anorexia nervosa?

What is the role of genetic factors in the etiology of anorexia nervosa?

What is the role of biochemical factors in the etiology of anorexia nervosa?

What is the role of age in the etiology of anorexia nervosa?

Which disorders have been associated with anorexia nervosa?

What is the global prevalence of anorexia nervosa?

What are prevalence rates of anorexia nervosa in the US?

What are the racial predilections of anorexia nervosa?

What are the sexual predilections of anorexia nervosa?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of anorexia nervosa?

What is the prognosis of anorexia nervosa?

How does age of onset affect the prognosis of anorexia nervosa?

What are the prognostic factors of anorexia nervosa?

How does body weight and symptom duration affect the prognosis of anorexia nervosa?

What is the prevalence of psychiatric comorbidities in anorexia nervosa?

How do family dynamics affect the prognosis of anorexia nervosa?

What are the mortality rates of anorexia nervosa?

What is the prevalence of suicidal ideation and behaviors in anorexia nervosa?

What are the possible complications of anorexia nervosa?

What are the possible cardiovascular complications of anorexia nervosa?

What are the possible renal complications of anorexia nervosa?

What are the possible GI complications of anorexia nervosa?

What are the possible neurologic complications of anorexia nervosa?

What are the possible dermatologic complications of anorexia nervosa?

What are the possible hematologic complications of anorexia nervosa?

How does anorexia nervosa affect fertility and reproduction?

What is the likelihood anorexia nervosa will cause some form of impairment?

What is included in patient education about anorexia nervosa?

Where can patient information about anorexia nervosa be found?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of anorexia nervosa?

What are the signs and symptoms of anorexia nervosa?

What is the SCOFF questionnaire and how is it used in the diagnosis of anorexia nervosa?

Which physical findings are characteristic of anorexia nervosa?

Which physical findings suggest induced starvation in anorexia nervosa?

Which psychiatric findings suggest anorexia nervosa?

How is anorexia nervosa staged?

How is the early stage of anorexia nervosa defined?

How is established or moderate stage anorexia nervosa defined?

Which presentation of anorexia nervosa mimics aplastic anemia?

DDX

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of anorexia nervosa?

What are the differential diagnoses for Anorexia Nervosa?

Workup

What is the role of lab testing in the workup of anorexia nervosa?

What is the role of a complete blood count (CBC) with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) in the workup of anorexia nervosa?

What is the role of blood chemistries in the workup of anorexia nervosa?

What is the role of liver function studies in the workup of anorexia nervosa?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of anorexia nervosa?

What is the role of ECG in the workup of anorexia nervosa?

What is the role of the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for Treatment (MacCAT-T) in the workup of anorexia nervosa?

Treatment

How is anorexia nervosa treated?

Which medications are used in the treatment of anorexia nervosa?

What is the role of psychotherapies in the treatment of anorexia nervosa?

Which refeeding strategies are used in the treatment of anorexia nervosa?

How is refeeding syndrome prevented in the treatment of anorexia nervosa?

What is the role of family-based therapy in the treatment of anorexia nervosa?

What is the role of behavioral therapies in the treatment of anorexia nervosa?

What is the efficacy of psychotherapies for the treatment of anorexia nervosa?

What is the role of fluoxetine (Prozac) in the treatment of anorexia nervosa?

What is the role of olanzapine in the treatment of anorexia nervosa?

When is inpatient care indicated for the treatment of anorexia nervosa?

What is included in inpatient care for anorexia nervosa?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of anorexia nervosa?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with anorexia nervosa?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of anorexia nervosa?

Guidelines

What are the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists guidelines on anorexia nervosa?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of anorexia nervosa?

What is the role of antidepressive medications in the treatment of anorexia nervosa?

What is the role of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in the treatment of anorexia nervosa?

What precautions should be taken when prescribing medications for the treatment of anorexia nervosa in children?

What is the role of atypical antipsychotics in the treatment of anorexia nervosa?

What is the role of cisapride (Propulsid) in the treatment of anorexia nervosa?

Which medications in the drug class Antidepressants, SSRIs are used in the treatment of Anorexia Nervosa?

Which medications in the drug class Vitamins, Fat Soluble are used in the treatment of Anorexia Nervosa?

Which medications in the drug class Electrolyte Supplements are used in the treatment of Anorexia Nervosa?