Pediatric Sleep Disorders Questions & Answers

Updated: Oct 09, 2018
  • Author: Sufen Chiu, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Caroly Pataki, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is required to diagnose pediatric sleep disorders?

When should pediatric sleep disorders be considered?

What is the effect of untreated pediatric sleep disorders?

How does the classification of pediatric sleep disorders differ between DSM-IV-TR to DSM-5?

What are parasomnias?

What is insomnia disorder?

What is hypersomnolence disorder?

What is narcolepsy?

What are breathing-related sleep disorders?

What is obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS)?

What is central sleep apnea?

What is sleep-related hypoventilation?

What are circadian sleep disorders?

What are NREM sleep arousal disorders?

What is nightmare disorder?

What is REM sleep behavior disorder?

What is restless legs syndrome (RLS)?

What is periodic limb movement in sleep (PLMS)?

What is limit-setting sleep disorder?

What is insufficient sleep syndrome?

What is the prevalence of pediatric sleep disorders?

What are the racial predilections of pediatric sleep disorders?

What are the sexual predilections of pediatric sleep disorders?

What is the prognosis of pediatric sleep disorders?

What is included in patient education about pediatric sleep disorders?

Presentation

How are pediatric sleep disorders categorized?

What is the focus of the clinical history to evaluate pediatric sleep disorders?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of insomnia?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of parasomnias?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of pediatric sleep disorders related to a general medical condition?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of pediatric sleep disorders related to another mental disorder?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of substance-induced sleep disorders?

What is the focus of the physical exam to evaluate pediatric sleep disorders?

What are the possible complications of pediatric sleep disorders?

DDX

How are pediatric sleep disorders diagnosed?

What are the differential diagnoses for Pediatric Sleep Disorders?

Workup

What is the role of PSG and MSLT in the workup of pediatric sleep disorders?

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of pediatric sleep disorders?

Treatment

How are pediatric sleep disorders treated?

What is the role of CBT in the treatment of pediatric sleep disorders?

What is the role of medications in the treatment of pediatric sleep disorders?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of pediatric sleep disorders?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with pediatric sleep disorders?

What are the possible behavioral complications of pediatric sleep disorders?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of pediatric sleep disorders?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of pediatric sleep disorders?

How are pediatric sleep disorders prevented?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of pediatric sleep disorders?

Medications

What are the goals of pharmacologic therapy in the treatment of pediatric sleep disorders?

Which medications in the drug class Central alpha-2 agonist are used in the treatment of Pediatric Sleep Disorders?

Which medications in the drug class central alpha-2 agonist are used in the treatment of Pediatric Sleep Disorders?

Which medications in the drug class Dopamine Agonists are used in the treatment of Pediatric Sleep Disorders?

Which medications in the drug class Anticonvulsants are used in the treatment of Pediatric Sleep Disorders?

Which medications in the drug class Nonbenzodiazepine Hypnotics are used in the treatment of Pediatric Sleep Disorders?

Which medications in the drug class Melatonin Receptor Agonists are used in the treatment of Pediatric Sleep Disorders?

Which medications in the drug class Antidepressants, TCAs are used in the treatment of Pediatric Sleep Disorders?

Which medications in the drug class Vasopressin-Related are used in the treatment of Pediatric Sleep Disorders?