Cerebral Salt-Wasting Syndrome Questions & Answers

Updated: May 13, 2020
  • Author: Sudha Garimella, MBBS; Chief Editor: Sasigarn A Bowden, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS) (renal salt wasting)?

What is the pathophysiology of cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS) (renal salt wasting)?

What causes cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS) (renal salt wasting)?

What is the incidence of cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS) (renal salt wasting)?

What age group is at highest risk for cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS) (renal salt wasting)?

What is the mortality and morbidity of cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS) (renal salt wasting)?

What is the prognosis of cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS) (renal salt wasting)?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS) (renal salt wasting)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS) (renal salt wasting)?

Workup

What is the role of lab studies in the workup of cerebral salt- cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS) (renal salt wasting)?

How are urine studies used to differentiate SIADH from cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS) (renal salt wasting)?

What are the signs and symptoms of combined central diabetes insipidus and cerebral salt- cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS) (renal salt wasting)?

What is the role of the fractional excretion of uric acid (FEUA) and of phosphate (FEP) in the workup of cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS) (renal salt wasting)?

Treatment

How is cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS) (renal salt wasting) treated?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS) (renal salt wasting)?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of cerebral salt-wasting syndrome (CSWS) (renal salt wasting)?

Which medications in the drug class Mineralocorticoids are used in the treatment of Cerebral Salt-Wasting Syndrome?