Concussion Questions & Answers

Updated: Sep 24, 2018
  • Author: David T Bernhardt, MD; Chief Editor: Craig C Young, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

How is concussion (MTBI) defined?

What are the signs and symptoms of concussion (MTBI)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of concussion (MTBI)?

What are the signs and symptoms of postconcussive syndrome?

What is the role of imaging in the workup of concussion (MTBI)?

When is neuropsychological testing performed in the workup of concussion (MTBI)?

What are the guidelines on the evaluation and management of concussion (MTBI)?

What is concussion (MTBI)?

What is the prevalence of concussion (MTBI)?

Which sports activities are associated with higher prevalence of concussion (MTBI)?

What is the pathophysiology of concussion (MTBI)?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of concussion (MTBI)?

How is concussion (MTBI) assessed?

How is concussion (MTBI) classified?

What is included in the physical exam to evaluate concussion (MTBI)?

What causes concussion (MTBI)?

What is the role of concussion (MTBI) in the etiology of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE)?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Concussion?

Workup

What is the role of MRI in the workup of concussion (MTBI)?

Which findings on imaging studies are characteristic of concussion (MTBI)?

What is the role of CT scanning in the workup of concussion (MTBI)?

What is the role of neuropsychologic testing in the workup of concussion (MTBI)?

What is the role of PET scans and fMRIs in the workup of concussion (MTBI)?

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of concussion (MTBI)?

Treatment

What are the AAN guidelines on the evaluation and management of sports-related concussion (MTBI)?

What are the AAP guidelines on the evaluation and management of sports-related concussion (MTBI) in children and adolescents?

What is the role of standardized validity tests in the management and long-term follow-up of concussion (MTBI)?

Which conditions are associated with concussion (MTBI)?

What causes second impact syndrome following a concussion (MTBI)?

What is postconcussive syndrome?

How is concussion (MTBI) treated?

What are the long-term effects of recurrent concussion (MTBI)?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with concussion (MTBI)?

Guidelines

What are the CDC guidelines on the diagnosis and management of concussion (MTBI) in children?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of concussion (MTBI)?

Which medications in the drug class Analgesics are used in the treatment of Concussion?

Follow-up

What are the criteria for determining return to play following a concussion (MTBI)?

How is concussion (MTBI) prevented?

What is the prognosis of concussion (MTBI)?

What is included in patient education about concussion (MTBI)?