Pediatric Hypocalcemia Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Dec 05, 2016
  • Author: Yogangi Malhotra, MD; Chief Editor: Sasigarn A Bowden, MD  more...
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DDx

Diagnostic Considerations

Conditions to consider in the differential diagnosis of hypocalcemia include the following:

  • Anoxia

  • Intracranial bleeding

  • Narcotic withdrawal

  • Pseudohypoparathyroidism

  • Rickets, osteomalacia, or rachitis (i.e., vitamin D deficiency)

  • Hyperphosphatemia

  • Hypoalbuminemia

  • Hypomagnesemia

  • Renal failure

  • Metabolic disease affecting vitamin D, seizures

  •  Di George Syndrome (22q deletion)

  •  Congenital hypoparathyroidism

  • Familial hypoparathyroidism

  • Maternal hyperparathyroidism

  • Surgery of thyroid gland

  • Autoimmune hypoparathyroidism

Differential Diagnoses