Pediatric Hypoglycemia Questions & Answers

Updated: Sep 12, 2019
  • Author: Robert P Hoffman, MD; Chief Editor: Sasigarn A Bowden, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is pediatric hypoglycemia?

What are the complications of pediatric hypoglycemia?

What are the physiological defenses against pediatric hypoglycemia?

How is pediatric hypoglycemia diagnosed and treated?

What is the role of hyperinsulinemia in the etiology of pediatric hypoglycemia?

What is the role of genetics in the etiology of pediatric hypoglycemia?

What is the role of metabolic defects in the etiology of pediatric hypoglycemia?

What is the role of glucose production in the pathogenesis of pediatric hypoglycemia?

Which toxins have an etiologic role in pediatric hypoglycemia?

What is the role of maternal diabetes in the etiology of pediatric hypoglycemia?

What is the prevalence of pediatric hypoglycemia?

Which age groups are at highest risk for pediatric hypoglycemia?

What is the prognosis of pediatric hypoglycemia?

What is the morbidity associated with pediatric hypoglycemia?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of pediatric hypoglycemia?

What are the symptoms of hypoglycemia in neonates?

What are the symptoms of hypoglycemia in older children?

Which physical findings are characteristic of pediatric hypoglycemia?

DDX

What are the challenges in recognizing pediatric hypoglycemia?

Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of pediatric hypoglycemia?

What are the differential diagnoses for Pediatric Hypoglycemia?

Workup

How is pediatric hypoglycemia diagnosed?

What is the role of imaging studies in the evaluation of pediatric hypoglycemia?

What is the role of critical sampling in the diagnosis of pediatric hypoglycemia?

What is the role of fasting in the diagnosis of pediatric hypoglycemia?

How are critical sample findings interpreted for the diagnosis of pediatric hypoglycemia?

What is the role of lab testing in the diagnosis of pediatric hypoglycemia?

Treatment

How is pediatric hypoglycemia treated?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial for patients with pediatric hypoglycemia?

How is pediatric hypoglycemia treated in patients with diabetes?

What is the role of pancreatic surgery in the treatment of pediatric hypoglycemia?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of pediatric hypoglycemia?

Guidelines

What are the Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology and the Japanese Society of Pediatric Surgeons guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric hypoglycemia?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of pediatric hypoglycemia?

Which medications in the drug class Dextrose and glucose stimulators are used in the treatment of Pediatric Hypoglycemia?

Which medications in the drug class Insulin secretion inhibiting agents are used in the treatment of Pediatric Hypoglycemia?