Colitis Questions & Answers

Updated: Jan 04, 2019
  • Author: David A Piccoli, MD; Chief Editor: Carmen Cuffari, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is colitis?

Which conditions can cause colitis?

What is the pathophysiology of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)?

What is the pathophysiology of allergic colitis?

What is the pathophysiology of pseudomembranous colitis?

What is the pathophysiology of colitis in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?

What is the pathophysiology of infectious colitis?

What is the pathophysiology of bacterial colitis?

What is the pathophysiology of parasitic colitis?

What is the pathophysiology of viral colitis?

What is the pathophysiology of ischemic colitis?

In which primary immunodeficiency syndromes is colitis a manifestation?

What causes colitis?

What is the prevalence of colitis in the US?

What is the global prevalence of colitis?

How does the prevalence of colitis vary among patient groups?

What is the prognosis of colitis?

What are the risks factors for developing adenocarcinoma in ulcerative colitis (UC)?

What is included in patient education about colitis?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP)?

What are the signs and symptoms of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)?

What are the signs and symptoms of allergic colitis?

What are the signs and symptoms of pseudomembranous colitis?

What are the signs and symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?

What are the signs and symptoms of ulcerative colitis (UC)?

What are the initial signs and symptoms of Crohn disease (CD)?

What are common extraintestinal complaints in ulcerative colitis?

How is inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) characterized?

What are the signs and symptoms of salmonellae infection in colitis?

What are the signs and symptoms of Shigella infection in colitis?

What are the signs and symptoms of Campylobacter enteritis infection in colitis?

What is the signs and symptoms of yersinia enterocolitica infection in colitis?

What are the signs and symptoms of amebiasis infection in colitis?

Which physical findings suggest necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)?

Which physical findings suggest allergic colitis?

Which physical findings suggest pseudomembranous colitis?

Which physical findings suggest inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?

Which physical findings suggest amebiasis?

Which physical findings suggest Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP)?

What are potential complications of colitis?

DDX

What can result from a failure to diagnosis colitis?

What are the differential diagnoses for Colitis?

Workup

Which lab result is characteristic of Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP)?

Which lab studies are performed in the evaluation of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)?

Which lab results suggest allergic colitis?

Which lab results suggest pseudomembranous colitis?

What is included in the evaluation of colitis with a suspected bacterial etiology?

Which lab result is characteristic of infectious colitis?

What is included in the evaluation of colitis with a suspected parasitic etiology?

How is suspected inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) evaluated in children?

What is the role of blood studies in the workup of colitis?

Which stool studies are performed in the workup of colitis?

When is assessment of skeletal age indicated in the evaluation of colitis?

What is the role of serologic markers in the workup of colitis?

What is the role of plain radiography in the workup of colitis?

Treatment

How is necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) treated?

What is the primary treatment for allergic colitis?

What are the treatment options for pseudomembranous colitis?

What is the role of antibiotics in the treatment of bacterial colitis?

What is the efficacy for antimicrobial therapy for the treatment of bacterial colitis?

What are the treatment options for salmonella bacteremia in colitis?

What is the treatment options for Yersinia enterocolitica infection in colitis?

What are the treatment options for Campylobacter enteritis in colitis?

What is the treatment options for amebic colitis?

What are the goals of treatment for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?

What are the treatment options for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?

What is the initial therapy for children with ulcerative colitis (UC)?

When is hospitalization indicated in the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC)?

What is the inpatient treatment for ulcerative colitis (UC)?

What are the treatment options for refractory inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?

How is toxic megacolon in colitis treated?

Which medications are used in the treatment toxic megacolon in colitis?

How is Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) treated?

What is the efficacy of treatments for ulcerative colitis (UC)?

What is the role of nutritional therapy in the treatment of colitis?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of colitis?

Medications

What is the basis for selection of medical treatment for colitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Colitis?

Which medications in the drug class Antidiarrheal agents are used in the treatment of Colitis?

Which medications in the drug class Anti-inflammatory Agents are used in the treatment of Colitis?