Pediatric Esophagitis Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Sep 20, 2017
  • Author: Gayle H Diamond, MD; Chief Editor: Carmen Cuffari, MD  more...
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Diagnostic Considerations

In infants, gastroesophageal reflux may be difficult to differentiate from colic. Treatment often includes therapy for excessive gas or changing of formulas, especially because parents may note pain and crying, pulling up of legs, and abdominal distention.

Although most cases of colic self-resolve and require only conservative measures, a minority of infants may benefit from reflux therapy, specifically antacids or H2 antagonists. This is true especially if a history of frequent regurgitation or other characteristic posturing is noted by the parent or physician.

Differential Diagnoses