Pediatric Helicobacter Pylori Infection Questions & Answers

Updated: Nov 16, 2018
  • Author: Mutaz I Sultan, MBChB, MD; Chief Editor: Carmen Cuffari, MD  more...
  • Print
Questions & Answers

Overview

What is pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

What is the pathophysiology of pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

Which conditions are associated with Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

What is the role of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection in the development of autoinflammatory diseases?

What is the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection in the US?

What is the global prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

What is the morbidity associated with Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

What are the racial predilections of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

What are the sexual predilections of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

Presentation

What is the focus of clinical history for pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

Which physical findings are characteristic of pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

What is included in the physical exam of pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

What causes pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

What are the risk factors for person-to-person transmission of pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

What is the role of bacterial factors in the etiology of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

Which host factors increase the risk for Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

What are the less common causes of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Pediatric Helicobacter Pylori Infection?

Workup

What are the ESPGHAN/NASPGH diagnostic guidelines for pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

What is the role of a urea breath test in the diagnosis of pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

What is the role of upper endoscopy (EGD) in the diagnosis of pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

When is endoscopic biopsy indicated for the diagnosis of pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

How is pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection staged?

Treatment

How are pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infections treated?

What are the ESPGHAN/NASPGH treatment guidelines for pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

What is the efficacy of combination therapies for the treatment of pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial in the treatment of pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

What is the efficacy of vaccines against pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

Guidelines

What is the role of triple or sequential therapy in the treatment of pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

Follow-up

What is included in long-term monitoring of pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infections?

What is included in inpatient care for the complications of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

Which medications should be avoided during the treatment of pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

When is iron-replacement therapy indicated in the treatment of pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

When is patient transfer indicated for the treatment of pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

How is pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection prevented?

What are the possible complications of pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

What is the prognosis of pediatric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

What is included in patient educations about Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection?

Medications

Which medications in the drug class Bismuths are used in the treatment of Pediatric Helicobacter Pylori Infection?

Which medications in the drug class PPIs are used in the treatment of Pediatric Helicobacter Pylori Infection?

Which medications in the drug class H2-receptor antagonists are used in the treatment of Pediatric Helicobacter Pylori Infection?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics, tetracyclines are used in the treatment of Pediatric Helicobacter Pylori Infection?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics, antiprotozoals are used in the treatment of Pediatric Helicobacter Pylori Infection?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics, macrolides are used in the treatment of Pediatric Helicobacter Pylori Infection?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics, beta-lactams are used in the treatment of Pediatric Helicobacter Pylori Infection?