Pediatric Imperforate Anus (Anorectal Malformation) Medication

Updated: Aug 08, 2016
  • Author: Nelson G Rosen, MD, FACS, FAAP; Chief Editor: Carmen Cuffari, MD  more...
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Medication Summary

See the list below:

  • Many children with anorectal malformations require medications for various reasons. Beyond perioperative medications, maintenance medications often include urinary antibiotic prophylaxis or treatment and/or laxatives.

  • Urinary prophylaxis is used to mitigate the risk of urinary infection and urosepsis in children with risk factors for urinary infection such as urinary fistula, vesicoureteral reflux, or continent diversion. Common agents include oral amoxicillin, oral trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, and gentamicin bladder irrigations. Comprehensive information on all these medications and others is available in the eMedicine pediatric topic Urinary Tract Infection.

  • Common laxatives include senna products, milk of magnesia, and propylene glycol solutions (eg, MiraLax, GlycoLax).