Superior Mesenteric Artery (SMA) Syndrome Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 31, 2018
  • Author: Frederick Merrill Karrer, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Carmen Cuffari, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome?

What is the pathophysiology of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome?

What is the prevalence of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome?

What are the racial predilections of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome?

What are the sexual predilections of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome?

Which physical findings are characteristic of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome?

What causes superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome?

DDX

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome?

Workup

How is superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome diagnosed?

Treatment

How is superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome?

Which medications in the drug class Prokinetic agents are used in the treatment of Superior Mesenteric Artery (SMA) Syndrome?

Follow-up

What is included in the long-term care of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome?

What are the possible complications of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome?

What is the prognosis of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome?