Prader-Willi Syndrome Questions & Answers

Updated: Oct 10, 2018
  • Author: Ann Scheimann, MD, MBA; Chief Editor: Luis O Rohena, MD, MS, FAAP, FACMG  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

How is Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) diagnosed?

What are the components of treatment for Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

What is the pathophysiology of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

What is the prevalence of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) in the US?

What is the global prevalence of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

What are the racial predilections of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

What are the sexual predilections of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

What are the behavioral signs and symptoms of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

What causes Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

DDX

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

What are the differential diagnoses for Prader-Willi Syndrome?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

What is the role of an endocrinologist in the workup of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

Treatment

How is Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

Which medications in the drug class Growth hormone agents are used in the treatment of Prader-Willi Syndrome?

Follow-up

What is included in the long-term monitoring of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

When is inpatient care indicated in the treatment of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

When is patient transfer indicated in the treatment of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

How are the complications of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) prevented?

What are the possible complications of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?

What is the prognosis of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)?