Sitosterolemia (Phytosterolemia) Questions & Answers

Updated: May 24, 2019
  • Author: Robert D Steiner, MD; Chief Editor: Luis O Rohena, MD, MS, FAAP, FACMG  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

What is the pathophysiology of sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

What is the role of hyperabsorption in the pathophysiology of sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

What is the role of reduced cholesterol synthesis in the pathophysiology of sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

What is the prevalence of sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

What are the racial predilections of sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

What are the sexual predilections of sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

At what age does sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia) typically present?

What is the prognosis of sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

What is included in patient education about sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

What causes sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

What are the possible complications of sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Sitosterolemia (Phytosterolemia)?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

What is the role of arteriography in the workup of sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

Treatment

How is sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia) treated?

Which medications are used to supplement dietary therapy for sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

What is the role of ezetimibe in the treatment of sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

When is inpatient care indicated for the treatment of sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

When is patient transfer indicated for the treatment of sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)?

Which medications in the drug class Antilipemic Agent, 2-Azetidinone are used in the treatment of Sitosterolemia (Phytosterolemia)?

Which medications in the drug class Bile acid-binding resins are used in the treatment of Sitosterolemia (Phytosterolemia)?