Parvovirus B19 Infection Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 06, 2018
  • Author: David J Cennimo, MD, FAAP, FACP, AAHIVS; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is parvovirus B19 (B19V)?

What conditions are associated with parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

What is the incubation period of parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

What is the pathophysiology of parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

What is the role of P antigen in the pathogenesis of myocardial effects in infants with parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

What is the prevalence of parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection in the US?

How does the incidence of parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection vary by season?

What is the global incidence of parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

What is the mortality rate of parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

What is the morbidity of parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

What are the racial predilections of parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

How does the incidence of parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection vary by sex?

How does the incidence of parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection vary by age?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

Which physical findings suggest parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

Which disorders are caused by parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Parvovirus B19 Infection?

Workup

What is the role of lab studies in the workup of parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

Treatment

What are the treatment options for parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

Which specialist consultations are aid in the treatment of parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

What are the dietary restrictions for patients with parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

What are the activity restrictions for patients with parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

Medications

What is the role of antiviral medications in the treatment of parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

Which medications are used for symptom relief in parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

Which medications in the drug class Antihistamines are used in the treatment of Parvovirus B19 Infection?

Which medications in the drug class Immunologic effectors are used in the treatment of Parvovirus B19 Infection?

Which medications in the drug class Antipyretic agents are used in the treatment of Parvovirus B19 Infection?

Follow-up

How long are patients with parvovirus B19 (B19V) infectious?

What infection control measures are needed for patients with parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

What are the transfer protocols for patients with parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

How is parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection prevented?

What are possible complications of parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

What are the possible complications of parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection in immunocompetent patients?

What is the prognosis of parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

What should be included in the patient education information for parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

What should be included in the patient education information for pregnant women with parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection?

In which patient groups is parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection serious?