Pediatric Candidiasis Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 17, 2018
  • Author: Sabah Kalyoussef, DO; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
  • Print
Questions & Answers

Overview

What is pediatric candidiasis?

Which organs may be affected by pediatric candidiasis infections?

What is the cutaneous manifestations of pediatric candidiasis?

How does pediatric candidiasis develop in nails?

What are risk factors for pediatric oral candidiasis?

What is the prevalence of genital candidiasis?

What are the clinical manifestations of systemic pediatric candidiasis?

What are the risk factors for development of pediatric candidiasis?

What is chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMCC)?

What is the prevalence of pediatric candidiasis in the US?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated to pediatric candidiasis?

What is the racial predilection in prevalence of pediatric candidiasis?

What are the sexual predilections in prevalence of pediatric candidiasis?

In which age group is pediatric candidiasis most prevalence?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of pediatric candidiasis?

What are the signs and symptoms of cutaneous candidiasis?

What is the clinical presentation of paronychia and onychomycosis in pediatric candidiasis?

What are the signs and symptoms of vulvovaginitis in pediatric candidiasis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of otitis externa in pediatric candidiasis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of pediatric GI candidiasis?

What is the clinical presentation of pneumonia in pediatric candidiasis?

What are risk factors for cystitis in pediatric candidiasis?

What are the risk factors for endophthalmitis in pediatric candidiasis?

What are the risk factors for CNS manifestations of pediatric candidiasis?

What are risk factors for endocarditis in pediatric candidiasis?

What are risk factors for hepatic (hepatosplenic) candidiasis?

What are physical exam findings of thrush relative to pediatric candidiasis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of cutaneous candidiasis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of paronychia and onychomycosis in pediatric candidiasis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of genital candidiasis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of GI pediatric candidiasis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of otitis externa in pediatric candidiasis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of hepatic candidiasis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of endocarditis in pediatric candidiasis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of endophthalmitis in pediatric candidiasis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of CNS pediatric candidiasis?

What causes pediatric candidiasis?

What causes pediatric candidiasis in immunocompromised patients?

Which neonates are at higher risk of developing pediatric candidiasis?

What causes chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMCC)?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Pediatric Candidiasis?

Workup

What is the role of potassium hydroxide (KOH) slide preparation in the diagnosis of pediatric candidiasis?

What is the role of blood culture in the diagnosis of pediatric candidiasis?

What is the role of beta-glucan assay in the diagnosis of pediatric candidiasis?

What is the role of D-arabinitol assay in the diagnosis of pediatric candidiasis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of pediatric candidiasis?

What is the role of lumbar puncture in the diagnosis of pediatric candidiasis?

Treatment

How is pediatric candidiasis treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of pediatric candidiasis?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial for patients with pediatric candidiasis?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of pediatric candidiasis?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of pediatric candidiasis?

What is the role of fluconazole in the prevention of pediatric candidiasis?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of pediatric candidiasis?

Which medications in the drug class Systemic antifungals (intravenous) are used in the treatment of Pediatric Candidiasis?

Which medications in the drug class Systemic antifungals (oral) are used in the treatment of Pediatric Candidiasis?

Which medications in the drug class Topical antifungals (dermatologic) are used in the treatment of Pediatric Candidiasis?

Which medications in the drug class Topical antifungals (oral preparations) are used in the treatment of Pediatric Candidiasis?

Follow-up

When is transfer of patients with pediatric candidiasis indicated?

How is pediatric candidiasis prevented?

What is the prognosis of pediatric candidiasis?

What should be included in patient education about pediatric candidiasis?