Listeria Infection Treatment & Management

Updated: Dec 01, 2022
  • Author: Terence Zach, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
  • Print

Medical Care

Care of a newborn with Listeria infection includes antibiotics as well as careful monitoring of the patient's temperature, respiratory system, fluid and electrolyte balance, nutrition, and cardiovascular support. Critically ill newborns are best treated in a neonatal ICU.

Consultations with neonatologists or pediatric infectious diseases specialists may be useful when caring for newborns.



Advice for all persons to avoid Listeria infection is as follows:

  • Wash hands, knives, and cutting boards after handling uncooked food.

  • Thoroughly cook all meat.

  • Thoroughly wash all vegetables.

  • Keep raw meats separate from other foods during preparation to avoid cross-contamination.

Advice for pregnant patients or patients with immunocompromise is as follows:

  • Avoid soft cheeses such as Feta, Brie, blue cheese, Mexican-style cheese, and Camembert.

  • Thoroughly reheat leftovers.

  • Avoid deli foods unless thoroughly heated.