Pediatric Pneumococcal Infections Questions & Answers

Updated: Jan 14, 2019
  • Author: Meera Varman, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are pediatric pneumococcal infections?

What are the signs and symptoms of pediatric pneumococcal infections?

Which physical findings are characteristic of pediatric pneumococcal infections?

Which lab tests are performed in the workup of pediatric pneumococcal infections?

Which imaging studies are performed in the workup of pediatric pneumococcal infections?

Which antibiotic regimens are used in the treatment of pediatric pneumococcal infections?

What is Streptococcus pneumoniae?

What is the pathophysiology of pediatric pneumococcal infections?

What is the prevalence of pediatric pneumococcal infections in the US?

What is the prevalence of specific pediatric pneumococcal infections?

What is the role of vaccination in the prevention of pediatric pneumococcal infections?

What is the global prevalence of pediatric pneumococcal infections?

What is the mortality associated with pediatric pneumococcal infections?

What are the racial predilections of pediatric pneumococcal infections?

What are the sexual predilections of pediatric pneumococcal infections?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of pediatric pneumococcal infections?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of pediatric pneumococcal infections?

Which physical findings are characteristic of pediatric pneumococcal otitis media?

Which physical findings are characteristic of pediatric pneumococcal sinusitis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of pediatric pneumococcal bacteremia?

Which physical findings are characteristic of pediatric pneumococcal pneumonia?

Which physical findings are characteristic of pediatric pneumococcal meningitis?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Pediatric Pneumococcal Infections?

Workup

What is the role of Streptococcus pneumoniae culture in the workup of pediatric pneumococcal infections?

What is the role of a WBC count in the workup of pediatric pneumococcal infections?

What is the role of antigen testing in the workup of pediatric pneumococcal infections?

What is the role of gram staining in the workup of pediatric pneumococcal infections?

Which lab tests are performed in the workup of pediatric pneumococcal otitis media or sinusitis?

Which lab tests are performed in the workup of pediatric pneumococcal occult bacteremia?

Which lab tests are performed in the workup of pediatric pneumococcal pneumonia?

Which lab tests are performed in the workup of pediatric pneumococcal meningitis?

Which lab tests are performed in the workup of pediatric pneumococcal osteomyelitis/septic arthritis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of pediatric pneumococcal infections?

What is the role of lumbar puncture in the workup of pediatric pneumococcal infections?

Treatment

How are pediatric pneumococcal infections treated?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with pediatric pneumococcal infections?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of pediatric pneumococcal infections?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotic Agents are used in the treatment of Pediatric Pneumococcal Infections?

Follow-up

When is follow-up care indicated following treatment of pediatric pneumococcal infections?

What is included in inpatient care of pediatric pneumococcal infections?

What is the initial treatment for pediatric pneumococcal otitis media or sinusitis?

What is the treatment for pediatric pneumococcal otitis media or sinusitis that does not respond to amoxicillin?

What is the outpatient treatment for pediatric pneumococcal pneumonia?

What is the inpatient treatment for pediatric pneumococcal pneumonia?

How are invasive pediatric pneumococcal infections treated?

How is pediatric pneumococcal meningitis treated?

How are pediatric pneumococcal infections treated in patients allergic to penicillin?

How is pediatric pneumococcal meningitis treated in children older than 3 months?

When is patient transfer indicated for the treatment of pediatric pneumococcal infections?

How are pediatric pneumococcal infections prevented?

What are the possible complications of pediatric pneumococcal infections?