Pediatric Pyelonephritis Questions & Answers

Updated: Dec 10, 2018
  • Author: Patrick B Hinfey, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is pediatric pyelonephritis?

What are the possible complications of pediatric pyelonephritis?

What is the origin of most urinary tract infections (UTI) in pediatric patients?

Which bacteria usually cause pediatric pyelonephritis?

What are the risk factors of pediatric pyelonephritis?

What is the prevalence of pediatric pyelonephritis in the US?

What are the racial predilections of pediatric pyelonephritis?

What are the sexual predilections of pediatric pyelonephritis?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of pediatric pyelonephritis?

What is the prognosis of pediatric pyelonephritis?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with pediatric pyelonephritis?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of pyelonephritis in neonates?

What are the signs and symptoms of pyelonephritis infants and young children?

What are the signs and symptoms of pyelonephritis in children?

What are the signs and symptoms of pyelonephritis in adolescents?

Which physical findings are characteristic of pediatric pyelonephritis?

Which abdominal and back findings are characteristic of pediatric pyelonephritis?

Which genitourinary findings are characteristic of pediatric pyelonephritis?

Which neurologic findings are characteristic of pediatric pyelonephritis?

DDX

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of

What are the differential diagnoses for Pediatric Pyelonephritis?

Workup

Which tests are performed in the workup of pediatric pyelonephritis?

What is the role of urinalysis in the workup of pediatric pyelonephritis?

What is the role of urine culture in the workup of pediatric pyelonephritis?

What is the role of electrolyte measurement in the workup of pediatric pyelonephritis?

Which inflammatory markers are sensitive for pediatric pyelonephritis?

What is the role of radiography in the workup of pediatric pyelonephritis?

What is the role of ultrasonography in the workup of pediatric pyelonephritis?

What is the role of VCUG in the workup of pediatric pyelonephritis?

What is the role of nuclear cystography in the workup of pediatric pyelonephritis?

What is the role of nuclear cortical scanning in the workup of pediatric pyelonephritis?

What is the role of CT scanning in the workup of pediatric pyelonephritis?

What is the role of MRI in the workup of pediatric pyelonephritis?

Treatment

How is pediatric pyelonephritis treated?

How are recurrent febrile UTIs prevented in children with pyelonephritis?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with pediatric pyelonephritis?

What is the role of antibiotics in the treatment of pediatric pyelonephritis?

When is inpatient care indicated for the treatment of pediatric pyelonephritis?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of pediatric pyelonephritis?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of pediatric pyelonephritis?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotic Agents are used in the treatment of Pediatric Pyelonephritis?