Shigella Infection Questions & Answers

Updated: Apr 03, 2018
  • Author: Jaya Sureshbabu, MBBS, MRCPCH(UK), MRCPI(Paeds), MRCPS(Glasg), DCH(Glasg); Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is the Shigella infection?

What is the pathophysiology of Shigella infection?

What is the pathophysiology of virulence in Shigella infection?

What events occur following exposure to Shigella toxin?

What is the role of intestinal adherence in the pathophysiology of Shigella infection?

What is the pathology of Shigella infection?

What is the prevalence of Shigella infection in the US?

What is the global prevalence of Shigella infection?

What are the mortality rates for Shigella infection?

What is the racial predilection of Shigella infection?

What is the sexual predilection of Shigella infection?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of Shigella infection?

Presentation

Which populations are at high-risk for Shigella infection?

What are the signs and symptoms of Shigella infection?

What is the clinical presentation of Shigella infection in patients with HIV infection?

Which physical findings are characteristic of Shigella infection?

What causes Shigella infection?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Shigella Infection?

Workup

What is the role of hematologic testing in the diagnosis of Shigella infection?

What is the role of a stool exam in the diagnosis of Shigella infection?

What is the role of a stool culture in the diagnosis of Shigella infection?

What is the role of enzyme immunoassay in the diagnosis of Shigella infection?

What is the role of PCR in the diagnosis of Shigella infection?

What is the role of fluorescent antibody testing in the diagnosis of Shigella infection?

Which tests are primarily used in research labs to diagnose Shigella infection?

Treatment

How is Shigella infection treated?

When is surgery indicated in the treatment of Shigella infection?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with Shigella infection?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of Shigella infection?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of Shigella infection?

Medications

What is the role of antimicrobial agents in the treatment of Shigella infection?

What is the role of antibiotics in the treatment of Shigella infection?

Which vaccinations are used to prevent Shigella infection?

Which medications in the drug class Trace Elements/Metals are used in the treatment of Shigella Infection?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Shigella Infection?

Follow-up

How is Shigella infection prevented?

What are the possible complications of Shigella infection?

What is the prognosis of Shigella infection?