Thrush Follow-up

Updated: Jan 17, 2019
  • Author: Mudra Kumar, MD, MRCP, FAAP; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Follow-up

Complications

Very rarely, extensive tracheal and esophageal involvement in thrush may lead to dysphagia and respiratory distress in otherwise healthy hosts.

Bronchopulmonary candidiasis has been reported.

Systemic dissemination may occur in immunosuppressed patients.

Candidal esophagitis is a common complication of thrush in immunocompromised patients. In one study, it was the most common opportunistic infection in adults with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) (13.3 episodes per 100 person-years).

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Prognosis

Thrush is considered a self-limited disease, but resolution is hastened by medical therapy.

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Patient Education

Discuss thrush etiology and incidence as part of general reassurance to the parents of the healthy newborn or infant.

If indicated, offer information about the necessity of further evaluation for underlying immune dysfunction.

For excellent patient education resources, visit eMedicineHealth's Infections Center. Also, see eMedicineHealth's patient education article Candidiasis (Yeast Infection).

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