Staphylococcus Aureus Infection Questions & Answers

Updated: Jan 15, 2019
  • Author: Elizabeth P Baorto, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

Which strains of Staphylococcus aureus infection are on the rise?

How is Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia treated?

Which conditions are caused by Staphylococcus aureus infection?

How are Staphylococcus aureus folliculitis, furuncle, and carbuncle diagnosed?

How is Staphylococcus aureus osteomyelitis diagnosed?

How is Staphylococcus aureus septic arthritis diagnosed?

How is Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis diagnosed?

How is Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia diagnosed?

How is Staphylococcus aureus thrombophlebitis diagnosed?

Which antibiotics are used in the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus infection?

How are Staphylococcus aureus folliculitis, furuncle, and carbuncle treated?

How is Staphylococcus aureus scalded skin syndrome (Ritter disease) treated?

How is Staphylococcus aureus osteomyelitis treated?

How is Staphylococcus aureus septic arthritis treated?

How is Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis treated?

How is Staphylococcus aureus toxic shock syndrome (TSS) treated?

How is Staphylococcus aureus thrombophlebitis treated?

What is Staphylococcus aureus infection?

How does Staphylococcus aureus infection cause disease?

What is the pathophysiology of Staphylococcus aureus tissue invasion?

What is the pathophysiology of Staphylococcus aureus toxin-mediated disease?

What is the pathophysiology of community associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA)?

What is the prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus infection in the US?

What is the global prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus infection?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with Staphylococcus aureus infection?

What are the sexual predilections of Staphylococcus aureus infection?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of Staphylococcus aureus impetigo?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of Staphylococcus aureus scalded skin syndrome (Ritter disease)?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of Staphylococcus aureus folliculitis, furuncle, and carbuncle?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of Staphylococcus aureus osteomyelitis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of Staphylococcus aureus septic arthritis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of Staphylococcus aureus toxic shock syndrome (TSS)?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of Staphylococcus aureus thrombophlebitis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of Staphylococcus aureus infection in the muscles and organs?

Which physical findings are characteristic of Staphylococcus aureus impetigo?

Which physical findings are characteristic of Staphylococcus aureus scalded skin syndrome?

Which physical findings are characteristic of Staphylococcus aureus folliculitis, furuncle, and carbuncle?

Which physical findings are characteristic of Staphylococcus aureus osteomyelitis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of Staphylococcus aureus septic arthritis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of Staphylococcus aureus toxic shock syndrome (TSS)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia?

Which physical findings are characteristic of Staphylococcus aureus thrombophlebitis?

Which physical findings are characteristic of Staphylococcus aureus infection in the muscles?

How does Staphylococcus aureus infection cause endocarditis?

How does Staphylococcus aureus infection cause impetigo?

How does Staphylococcus aureus infection cause folliculitis, furuncle and carbuncle?

How does Staphylococcus aureus infection cause osteomyelitis?

How does Staphylococcus aureus infection cause septic arthritis?

How does Staphylococcus aureus infection cause toxic shock syndrome (TSS)?

How does Staphylococcus aureus infection cause pneumonia?

How does Staphylococcus aureus infection cause thrombophlebitis?

How does Staphylococcus aureus infection cause deep tissue abscesses?

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of Staphylococcus aureus infection?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Staphylococcus Aureus Infection?

Workup

Which lab tests are included in the workup of Staphylococcus aureus infection?

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of Staphylococcus aureus folliculitis, furuncle, and carbuncle?

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of Staphylococcus aureus osteomyelitis?

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of Staphylococcus aureus septic arthritis?

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis?

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia?

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of Staphylococcus aureus thrombophlebitis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of Staphylococcus aureus infection?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of Staphylococcus aureus osteomyelitis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of Staphylococcus aureus septic arthritis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia?

What is the role of needle aspiration in the workup of Staphylococcus aureus infection?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of Staphylococcus aureus infection?

Treatment

How are Staphylococcus aureus infections treated?

How are Staphylococcus aureus impetigo, folliculitis, furuncle, and carbuncle treated?

How is Staphylococcus aureus scalded skin syndrome (Ritter disease) treated?

How is Staphylococcus aureus osteomyelitis treated?

How is Staphylococcus aureus septic arthritis treated?

How is Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus skin and soft tissue infections?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus osteomyelitis?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus septic arthritis?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus toxic shock syndrome (TSS)?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus thrombophlebitis?

How are Staphylococcus aureus infection at surgical sites prevented?

What is the role of statins in Staphylococcus aureus infection prevention?

Medications

Which medications are used in Staphylococcus aureus infection treatment?

Which medications in the drug class Blood Products are used in the treatment of Staphylococcus Aureus Infection?

Which medications in the drug class Cephalosporins are used in the treatment of Staphylococcus Aureus Infection?

Which medications in the drug class Antistaphylococcal Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Staphylococcus Aureus Infection?

Follow-up

What is included in long-term monitoring of Staphylococcus aureus infections?

How are Staphylococcus aureus infections prevented?

What are the possible complications of Staphylococcus aureus infection?

What is the prognosis of Staphylococcus aureus infection?

What is included in patient education about Staphylococcus aureus infection?