Vitamin K Deficiency Bleeding Questions & Answers

Updated: May 20, 2019
  • Author: Dharmendra J Nimavat, MD, FAAP; Chief Editor: Santina A Zanelli, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is vitamin K deficiency bleeding?

Which factors increase the risk for early-onset vitamin K deficiency bleeding?

What are the signs and symptoms of classic vitamin K deficiency bleeding?

Which factors increase the risk for late-onset vitamin K deficiency bleeding in the newborn?

What are the forms of vitamin K?

What is the physiology of vitamin K?

How has the understanding of vitamin K deficiency bleeding evolved since its discovery?

What is the pathophysiology of vitamin K deficiency bleeding?

What causes vitamin K deficiency bleeding?

What is the US prevalence of vitamin K deficiency bleeding?

What is the global prevalence of vitamin K deficiency bleeding?

Which patient groups have the highest prevalence of vitamin K deficiency bleeding?

What is the prognosis of vitamin K deficiency bleeding?

What are the possible complications of vitamin K deficiency bleeding?

Where can patient education resources on vitamin K deficiency bleeding be found?

Presentation

Why is the mother's clinical history needed when evaluating vitamin K deficiency bleeding in neonates and children?

Which physical findings are characteristic of vitamin K deficiency bleeding?

DDX

What is the role of routine vitamin K administration in the prevention of vitamin K deficiency bleeding?

What is included in prenatal education about vitamin K deficiency bleeding?

What are the differential diagnoses for Vitamin K Deficiency Bleeding?

Workup

How is vitamin K deficiency bleeding diagnosed?

What is the role of coagulation studies in the workup of vitamin K deficiency bleeding?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of vitamin K deficiency bleeding?

Treatment

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of vitamin K deficiency bleeding?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with vitamin K deficiency bleeding?

How is vitamin K deficiency bleeding treated?

When is patient transfer required for the treatment of vitamin K deficiency bleeding?

What is included in long-term monitoring following treatment for vitamin K deficiency bleeding?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of vitamin K deficiency bleeding?

What are the guidelines on vitamin K supplementation in infants?

Which activity modifications are needed during the treatment of vitamin K deficiency bleeding?

How is vitamin K deficiency bleeding prevented?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of vitamin K deficiency bleeding?

Which medications in the drug class Vitamins are used in the treatment of Vitamin K Deficiency Bleeding?