Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injury Follow-up

Updated: Apr 14, 2016
  • Author: Robert F Kacprowicz, MD, FAAEM; Chief Editor: Sherwin SW Ho, MD  more...
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Follow-up

Return to Play

Competition may be resumed when the following criteria are met:

  • The athlete is pain free with throwing.

  • Elbow and shoulder ROM has returned to within normal limits.

  • Forearm strength has returned to baseline.

  • Good throwing biomechanics have been established.

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Complications

See the list below:

  • Ulnar nerve injury or entrapment may occur.

  • Chronic instability is possible.

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Prevention

Injuries to the UCL are best prevented by ensuring proper throwing biomechanics. Coaches are essential to assessing the proper throwing techniques in the athlete. Thorough warm-up and flexibility exercises also play an essential role in preventing UCL injuries.

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Prognosis

Return to competitive throwing by the patient is possible after successful rehabilitation and reconstruction, when indicated.

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Education

Proper throwing technique is essential to preventing UCL injuries; therefore, athlete education is critical. Analysis of the athlete's throwing technique and constructive criticism by coaches may be helpful.

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