Pediatric Omphalocele and Gastroschisis (Abdominal Wall Defects) Questions & Answers

Updated: Nov 05, 2019
  • Author: James Goodwin Glasser, MD, MA, FACS; Chief Editor: Dharmendra J Nimavat, MD, FAAP  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects)?

What is the role of embryology in the pathophysiology of pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects)?

What is the pathophysiology of pediatric omphalocele

What is the pathophysiology of pediatric gastroschisis?

What is the spectrum of pediatric body wall defects?

What is the pathophysiology of hernias of the umbilical cord?

What is the pathophysiology of urachal remnants and omphalomesenteric duct malformations?

What is the pathophysiology of bladder exstrophy?

What is the pathophysiology of prune-belly syndrome?

What is the pathophysiology of cloacal exstrophy?

What causes pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects)?

What is the prevalence of pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects)?

What is the global prevalence of pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects)?

What are the racial predilections of pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects)?

What are the sexual predilections of pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects)?

What is the prognosis of pediatric omphalocele?

What is the prognosis of pediatric gastroschisis?

What is the morbidity and mortality associated with pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects)?

What are the possible complications of pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects)?

What is included in patient education about pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects)?

Presentation

How are pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects) diagnosed?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of pediatric omphalocele?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of pediatric gastroschisis?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of cloacal exstrophy?

DDX

What are common findings in babies with omphalomesenteric duct remnants?

Which genetic abnormalities are common in pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects)?

What is the role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects)?

Which prenatal preparations should be made for the delivery of a baby with pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects)?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects)?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects)?

Treatment

What steps should be taken when transferring patients with pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects)?

What is the role of medications in the treatment of pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects)?

What is the approach to treatment of pediatric omphalocele?

What is the approach to treatment of pediatric gastroschisis?

How is intestinal inflammation treated in pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects)?

How is an intact pediatric omphalocele treated?

How is a ruptured pediatric omphalocele treated?

How is pediatric gastroschisis treated?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects)?

How prevalent is midgut volvulus in pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects)?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of pediatric omphalocele?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of pediatric gastroschisis?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of bladder exstrophy?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of prune-belly syndrome?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of cloacal exstrophy?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects)?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects)?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of pediatric omphalocele and gastroschisis (abdominal wall defects)?