Carpal Bone Injuries Medication

Updated: Jan 11, 2016
  • Author: Bryan C Hoynak, MD, FACEP, FAAEM; Chief Editor: Sherwin SW Ho, MD  more...
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Medication

Medication Summary

Generally, analgesics and anxiolytics are the drugs that are used to treat fractures. In addition, administer proper antibiotics in cases of open fractures.

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Analgesics

Class Summary

Pain control is essential to quality patient care because it ensures patient comfort, promotes pulmonary toilet, and enables physical therapy regimens. Most analgesics have sedating properties, which are beneficial for patients who have sustained traumatic injuries.

Fentanyl (Duragesic, Sublimaze)

Short duration (30-60 min) makes titration easy. Excellent choice for pain management and sedation. Easily and quickly reversed by naloxone.

Morphine sulfate (Duramorph, Astramorph, MS Contin)

DOC for narcotic analgesia because of its reliable and predictable effects, safety profile, and ease of reversibility with naloxone. The IV form may be dosed in a number of ways and is commonly titrated until the desired effect is obtained.

Propoxyphene/acetaminophen (Darvocet N-100)

Drug combination indicated for mild to moderate pain.

Hydrocodone bitartrate and acetaminophen (Vicodin ES)

Indicated for moderate to severe pain.

Codeine/acetaminophen (Tylenol With Codeine)

Indicated for mild to moderate pain.

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Anxiolytics

Class Summary

Patients with painful injuries usually experience significant anxiety. Anxiolytics allow the clinician to administer a smaller analgesic dose to achieve the same effect as a higher dose would.

Lorazepam (Ativan)

A sedative hypnotic in the benzodiazepine class. Has a short onset of effect and a relatively long half-life. May depress all levels of the CNS, including limbic and reticular formation, by increasing the action of GABA, which is a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain.

Midazolam (Versed)

DOC for acute anxiety and sedation to aid in reduction of fractures or dislocations. Provides antegrade amnesia with dose within 1-2 h.

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