Pulmonary Interstitial Emphysema Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Jan 04, 2016
  • Author: Abhay J Bhatt, MD, MBBS; Chief Editor: Ted Rosenkrantz, MD  more...
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Diagnostic Considerations

The roentgenologic appearance of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) can be confused with the following [18] :

  • Air-bronchogram in respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)
  • Aspiration pneumonia
  • Pulmonary edema
  • Distended airways in patients on a ventilator

Other differential diagnosis of persistent pulmonary interstitial emphysema includes the following:

  • Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation
  • Lymphangiectasia
  • Bronchogenic cysts
  • Congenital lobar emphysema
  • Cystic lymphangioma
  • Sequel of prior infection
  • Diaphragmatic hernia

Go to Emphysema and Emergent Management of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) for complete information on these topics.