Pulmonary Interstitial Emphysema Questions & Answers

Updated: Jun 25, 2019
  • Author: Abhay J Bhatt, MD, MBBS; Chief Editor: Muhammad Aslam, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are pearls regarding pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

What is pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

What is the pathophysiology of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

Which factors increase the risk of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

What is the prevalence of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) in the US?

What is the global prevalence of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

What are the sexual predilections of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

Which infants are at highest risk for pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

What is the prognosis of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

What are the possible complications of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

DDX

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

What are the differential diagnoses for Pulmonary Interstitial Emphysema?

Workup

What is the role of radiography in the workup of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

Treatment

How is pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) treated?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to infants with pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

What is the role of lateral decubitus positioning in the treatment of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

What is the role of bronchial intubation in the treatment of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

What are the possible complications of bronchial intubation in pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

What is the role of high-frequency ventilation (HFV) in the treatment of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

What is the role of lobectomy in the treatment of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

Which novel therapies have been used in the treatment of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

What is the role of surfactant replacement therapy in the prevention of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

What is the role of high-frequency positive pressure ventilation (HFPPV) in the prevention of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

What is the role of conventional ventilation (CMV) in the prevention of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

What is included in long-term monitoring of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE)?

Which medications in the drug class Synthetic surfactants are used in the treatment of Pulmonary Interstitial Emphysema?

Which medications in the drug class Natural Sufactant are used in the treatment of Pulmonary Interstitial Emphysema?

Which medications in the drug class Lung Surfactants are used in the treatment of Pulmonary Interstitial Emphysema?