Jammed Finger Medication

Updated: Sep 04, 2018
  • Author: Thomas H Trojian, MD; Chief Editor: Sherwin SW Ho, MD  more...
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Medication

Medication Summary

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and analgesics are generally used to treat the pain that is associated with a PIP joint injury.

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Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

Class Summary

NSAIDs have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic activities. The mechanism of action of these agents is not known, but NSAIDs may inhibit cyclooxygenase activity and prostaglandin synthesis. Other mechanisms may exist as well, such as inhibition of leukotriene synthesis, lysosomal enzyme release, lipoxygenase activity, neutrophil aggregation, and various cell membrane functions.

Ibuprofen (Motrin, Ibuprin)

DOC for patients with mild to moderate pain. Inhibits inflammatory reactions and pain by decreasing prostaglandin synthesis

Ketoprofen (Oruvail, Orudis, Actron)

For the relief of mild to moderate pain and inflammation.

Small dosages are initially indicated in small and elderly patients and in those with renal or liver disease. Doses over 75 mg do not increase therapeutic effects.

Administer high doses with caution and closely observe the patient for response.

Naproxen (Naprelan, Anaprox, Naprosyn, Aleve)

For the relief of mild to moderate pain; inhibits inflammatory reactions and pain by decreasing the activity of cyclooxygenase, which results in a decrease of prostaglandin synthesis

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Narcotic analgesics

Class Summary

Pain control is essential to quality patient care. Analgesics ensure patient comfort, promote pulmonary toilet, and have sedating properties, which are beneficial for patients who have sustained trauma or who have sustained injuries.

Acetaminophen and codeine (Tylenol #3)

For the relief of mild to moderate pain; inhibits inflammatory reactions and pain by decreasing the activity of cyclooxygenase, which results in a decrease of prostaglandin synthesis

Hydrocodone bitartrate and acetaminophen (Vicodin ES, Lortab, Lorcet-HD)

Drug combination that is indicated for moderate to severe pain

Propoxyphene and acetaminophen (Darvocet-N 100, Wygesic)

Drug combination that is indicated for mild to moderate pain

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