Adipsia Treatment & Management

Updated: Dec 30, 2014
  • Author: Vikas R Dharnidharka, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Craig B Langman, MD  more...
  • Print
Treatment

Medical Care

Do not rapidly correct chronic hypernatremia in patients with adipsia. Correct hypernatremia over 48-72 hours, with no more than half of the calculated water deficit replaced during the first 24 hours of therapy. Drop in serum sodium level should be at rate of approximately 0.5 mEq/L/hour or 10-12 mEq/L/day.

  • Long-term therapy

    • The underlying damage to the hypothalamic area is often irreversible.

    • The goal of medical care is to teach the patient and parents how to maintain adequate fluid intake. [11]

  • Treatment options

    • No pharmacological therapy is currently available.

    • Behavioral procedures are successful in increasing water intake in some patients.

    • Electroconvulsive therapy has been used, with mixed results, in patients in whom the underlying cause is psychogenic.

    • When behavioral therapy fails, the only remaining option is long-term administration of fluids by nasogastric tube or G-button.

    • Nasal desmopressin acetate (DDAVP) therapy to limit urine output is useful in patients with coexisting central diabetes insipidus.

    • In adipsic diabetes insipidus, recovery of thirst function after removal of underlying cause can be assessed by a visual analog scale after hypertonic saline infusion.{ [38]

Next:

Surgical Care

See the list below:

  • Removal of tumors, hematomas, or cysts that compress the thirst center may be curative in selected cases.

Previous
Next:

Consultations

See the list below:

  • Obtain the opinion of an oncologist, a neurosurgeon, or both for patients with space-occupying lesions.

  • Obtain the opinion of an endocrinologist in patients with associated central diabetes insipidus.

Previous
Next:

Diet

See the list below:

  • No dietary restrictions are necessary.

  • Frequent and scheduled water intake has to be maintained.

Previous
Next:

Activity

See the list below:

  • No restrictions on activity are necessary.

Previous