Hematuria Follow-up

Updated: Jan 03, 2019
  • Author: Sanjeev Gulati, MD, MBBS, DNB(Peds), DM, DNB(Neph), FIPN(Australia), FICN, FRCPC(Canada); Chief Editor: Craig B Langman, MD  more...
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Further Outpatient Care

Patients with persistent microscopic hematuria should be monitored at 6-month to 12-month intervals for the appearance of signs or symptoms indicative of progressive renal disease. Prominent among them are proteinuria, hypertension, and a decrease in renal function.



The prognosis of patients with asymptomatic isolated hematuria is good. The ultimate prognosis for the various conditions associated with hematuria depends on the primary medical condition that caused the hematuria in the first place.


Patient Education

Inform children and their parents that strenuous exercise may aggravate hematuria; however, hematuria by itself should not prevent the child from participating in sports. Despite the sometimes alarming intensity or persistence of hematuria, parents must be informed that, by itself, hematuria rarely causes anemia.

For excellent patient education resources, visit Medscape Reference's patient education article Blood in the Urine.