Pediatric Nephritis Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Apr 19, 2018
  • Author: Sahar Fathallah-Shaykh, MD; Chief Editor: Craig B Langman, MD  more...
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DDx

Diagnostic Considerations

Conditions that produce hematuria, decreased clearance, and, sometimes, hypertension include all specific types of glomerulonephritis (GN), anatomic abnormalities of the kidneys, renal stones, tumors, drugs, and infection.

Differentials to consider include the following:

  • Takayasu disease

  • Membranoproliferative GN

  • Medullary sponge kidney

  • MELAS syndrome

  • Multicystic renal dysplasia

  • Nephrotic syndrome

  • Oliguria

  • Polycystic kidney disease

  • Proteinuria

  • Pyelonephritis

  • Hepatorenal syndrome

  • Hypercalcemia

  • Hypertension

  • IgA nephropathy

  • Rhabdomyolysis

  • Sarcoidosis

  • Renal cortical necrosis

  • Uric acid stones

  • Urinary tract infection

  • Urolithiasis

  • Wilms tumor

  • Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome

  • Escherichia coli infection

  • Systemic sclerosis

  • Tumor lysis syndrome

  • Systemic lupus erythematosus

Differential Diagnoses