Phalangeal Fractures Questions & Answers

Updated: Jan 18, 2018
  • Author: Jay E Bowen, DO; Chief Editor: Craig C Young, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are phalangeal fractures?

What are the types of phalangeal fractures?

What is the role of radiography in the evaluation of phalangeal injury?

How do the phalanges work?

What is the functional anatomy of phalanges?

What are sport-specific biomechanics of phalangeal fractures?

Presentation

Which medical history is characteristic of distal phalangeal fractures?

Which medical history is characteristic of jersey finger?

Which medical history is characteristic of middle finger phalangeal fractures?

Which medical history is characteristic of proximal phalangeal fractures?

Which medical history is characteristic of dorsal PIP joint dislocations?

Which medical history is characteristic of volar PIP joint dislocations?

How are phalangeal fractures graded?

What is the most common complication of a volar plate injury or dorsal dislocation?

Which medical history is characteristic of Boutonniere deformity?

What are the physical exam findings of phalangeal fractures?

What are the causes of phalangeal fractures?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Phalangeal Fractures?

Workup

What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of phalangeal fractures?

When is anesthesia with a digital nerve block indicated in the evaluation of phalangeal fractures?

Treatment

What is included in the treatment of distal phalanx fractures?

What is included in the initial treatment of mallet finger?

What is included in treatment of mallet finger during the maintenance phase?

When is surgery indicated for mallet finger?

What is included in the treatment of jersey finger?

What is included in the initial treatment of middle phalanx fractures?

What is included in the treatment of middle phalanx fractures during the maintenance phase?

What is included in the treatment of middle phalanx fractures during the rehabilitation phase?

What is included in the initial treatment of proximal phalanx fractures?

What is included in the treatment of proximal phalanx during the maintenance phase?

What are PIP fracture dislocations?

What is included in the initial treatment of PIP fracture dislocations?

What is included in the treatment of PIP fracture dislocations during the maintenance phase?

What is included in the treatment of PIP fracture dislocations during the rehabilitation phase?

What is included in the initial treatment of palmar lip fractures?

What is included in treatment of palmar lip fractures during the rehabilitation phase?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of mallet fingers or jersey fingers?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of middle phalanx fractures?

What is the role of surgery for PIP joint fractures?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of palmar lip fractures?

What are treatment options for dorsal PIP joint dislocations?

What are treatment options for volar PIP joint dislocations?

What are treatment options for collateral ligament injuries?

What are treatment options for DIP joint dislocations?

What are treatment options for Boutonniere deformity?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of phalangeal fractures?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Phalangeal Fractures?

Which medications in the drug class Analgesics are used in the treatment of Phalangeal Fractures?

Follow-up

When can patients return to play after phalangeal fractures?

What are complications of phalangeal fractures?

What is the prognosis of phalangeal fractures?