Wilms Tumor Questions & Answers

Updated: May 21, 2020
  • Author: Arnold C Paulino, MD; Chief Editor: Jennifer Reikes Willert, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

How common is Wilms tumor and what is the prognosis?

What are the signs and symptoms of Wilms tumor?

Which studies are performed in the workup of Wilms tumor?

How is Wilms tumor treated?

What is Wilms tumor?

How is Wilms tumor staged?

What is included in patient education about Wilms tumor?

What causes Wilms tumor?

What is the role of genetics in the etiology of Wilms tumor?

What is the prevalence of Wilms tumor in the US?

What is the global prevalence of Wilms tumor?

Which patient groups have the highest prevalence of Wilms tumor?

What are the survival rates for Wilms tumor?

What are the possible renal complications of Wilms tumor treatment?

What are the possible hepatic complications of Wilms tumor treatment?

What are the possible complications of Wilms tumor treatment?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of Wilms tumor?

Which physical findings are characteristic of Wilms tumor?

DDX

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of Wilms tumor?

What are the differential diagnoses for Wilms Tumor?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of Wilms tumor?

What is the role of radiography in the workup of Wilms tumor?

What is the role of ultrasonography in the workup of Wilms tumor?

What is the role of CT scans in the workup of Wilms tumor?

What is the role of MRI in the workup of Wilms tumor?

What is the role of biopsy in the workup of Wilms tumor?

Which histologic findings are characteristics of Wilms tumor?

Treatment

How is Wilms tumor with favorable histology treated?

How is Wilms tumor with lung metastasis treated?

How is bilateral Wilms tumor treated?

What is the role of radiation therapy in the treatment of Wilms tumor in infants?

How does Wilms tumor affect pregnancy?

How is hypertension treated in Wilms tumor?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of Wilms tumor?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with Wilms tumor?

What causes von Willebrand disease in patients with Wilms tumor?

How is Wilms tumor with von Willebrand disease treated?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of Wilms tumor?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of Wilms tumor?

Which medications in the drug class Antineoplastic agents are used in the treatment of Wilms Tumor?