Stridor Questions & Answers

Updated: Apr 07, 2022
  • Author: Brian E Benson, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Ravindhra G Elluru, MD, PhD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is stridor?

What is the pathophysiology of stridor?

What are the most common causes of acute stridor?

What is the role of bacterial tracheitis in the etiology of stridor?

What are symptoms of retropharyngeal abscess-related stridor?

What are symptoms of peritonsillar abscess-related stridor?

What are the symptoms of spasmodic croup-related stridor?

How are allergic reactions manifested in patients with stridor?

What are the symptoms of epiglottitis in stridor?

What is the most common cause of inspiratory stridor?

What is the role of subglottic stenosis in the etiology of stridor?

What is the second most common cause of stridor?

What is the role of neuromuscular disorders in the etiology of stridor?

How is tracheomalacia related to stridor?

How does stenosis of the proximal trachea cause stridor?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of stridor?

What should be the focus of history in the evaluation of stridor?

What should be assessed in the physical exam for stridor?

Which physical findings are characteristic of stridor?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Stridor?

Workup

What is the role of lab studies in the evaluation of stridor?

What is the role of imaging studies in the evaluation for stridor?

What is the role of laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy in the diagnosis of stridor?

What is the role of pulmonary function testing and polysomnography in the diagnosis of stridor?

Treatment

What is included in the emergency management of stridor?

When is surgery indicated for stridor?

What dietary restrictions are needed during the treatment of stridor?

What is goal of long-term monitoring of patients with stridor?

Medications

Which medications in the drug class Alpha/Beta Adrenergic Agonists are used in the treatment of Stridor?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Stridor?