Enterobiasis (Pinworm Infestation) Treatment & Management

Updated: Nov 23, 2021
  • Author: Wayne Wolfram, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Approach Considerations

An antihelminthic medication should be prescribed to patients with enterobiasis.

Application of an antipruritic ointment or albendazole may help control scratching. [2]

Thorough handwashing can deter transmission.


Medical Care

Fear, disgust, and guilt are common parental reactions to a parasitic worm infestation, such as enterobiasis. Many families present to the emergency department or their pediatrician with misconceptions about pinworms. In addition to prescribing medications, educating families about pinworms (see Patient Education) is helpful.

Thorough and regular handwashing is effective in preventing disease transmission.

Changing personal habits such as thumb-sucking or nail-biting may reduce re-infection.